(Brassica napus and Brassica campestris)
Psyllium is a robust herb that grows around the world but is most commonly found in India, which remains the largest producer of psyllium husk today. It is also referred to as Isabghol, derived from the Sanskrit word “asp” and “ghol,” together meaning “horse flower.”
Psyllium Husk are a form of fibre that comes from the husks of psyllium seeds of the Asian Plantago plant genus. The husks can be ground into a powder and provide a rich source of soluble fibre.
Psyllium Husk is the outer coating of the psyllium seed. The inner seed contains many starches and fatty acids, making it an excellent natural additive for animal feed.
The outer coat (the husk) is ground down into mucilage, a term describing clear, colorless, gelatinous dietary fiber that confers the majority of health benefits in both humans and animals.
The gel-like character of mucilage makes it a popular addition to foods to produce desired thickening and texture. Psyllium husk is a soluble fiber best known for its potential to improve constipation. Furthermore, psyllium is gluten free, making it suitable for those with coeliac disease.
Within the digestive system, soluble fibre absorbs water to help slow down digestion and the absorption of various nutrients contained within your food.
Psyllium Husk Powder is an edible soluble fiber and prebiotic. It’s often referred to as a bulking fiber because once it is ingested, it expands, forming a gel-like mass by drawing water in from the colon. It then promotes easy, healthy elimination by sweeping waste out of the colon more quickly and efficiently.
Psyllium husk and powder are used as horse feeds as they prevent the accumulation of sand or stones in animals without any side effects.
Psyllium husk powder is also used in food processing industries like in ice creams, rice, jams, fruit drinks, cakes, biscuits, breads and instant noodles.
Generally, Psyllium husk powder is been treated as laxative, i.e. a food additive that stimulates bowel movement and helps in facilitating the excretory system. The Psyllium husk plays a great role as a dietary fiber and is helpful in various medical conditions like constipation, diabetes, irritable bowel syndrome, diarrhea and many more.
In medical industries, it is widely been used as a bulk-forming laxative. It is mainly been recommended for the treatment of diarrhea & constipation due to its high soluble fiber content. They flavorless and are mainly used in the pharmaceutical industry as a component and thickening agent during manufacturing of many medicines.
The Psyllium husk is also been used in the prevention of landscaping, soil erosion and is also used in animal feed that gives high fiber content to animals.