Ground Nut Kernels
Arachis Hypogaea Linn.
Groundnut, or Peanut, is commonly called the poor man's nut. Today it is an important oilseed and food crop. The botanical name for groundnut, Arachis hypogaea Linn., is derived from two Greek words, Arachis meaning a legume and hypogaea meaning below ground, referring to the formation of pods in the soil. Groundnut is an upright or prostrate annual plant. It is generally distributed in the tropical, sub-tropical and warm temperate zones.
Groundnut are a legume, and are grown underground unlike the other nuts which grow on trees and hence are fruits. It may be defined as a self-pollinated, one- to six-seeded legume which is cultivated throughout the tropical and temperate climates of the world.
Groundnut are also known as peanut, earth-nut, arachis nut, monkey nut and goober pea. Groundnuts are a traditional snack all over the world. Despite its name and appearance, the peanut is not a nut, but rather a legume. During the winter season, from November through March, all over India, one will see roadside stands - ranging from woodsheds to shiny trailers - offering peanuts. Groundnut make for a popular snack and are also used to make cooking oil and peanut butter. They are also an ingredient in many Asian dishes.
Groundnut is an annual herbaceous plant growing 30 to 50 cm (1.0 to 1.6 ft) tall. The leaves are opposite, pinnate with four leaflets (two opposite pairs; no terminal leaflet), each leaflet 1 to 7 cm (⅜ to 2 inch) long and 1 to 3 cm (⅜ to 1 inch) broad.
India is the second largest producer of groundnuts in the world. Indian groundnuts are available in different varieties: Bold or Runner, Java or Spanish and Red Natal.
Groundnut is the major oil seed crop in India and it plays a major role in bridging the vegetable oil deficit in the country. Groundnuts in India are available throughout the year due to a two-crop cycle harvested in March and October. Ground Nuts are important protein crops in India grown mostly under rain-fed conditions.
They have a rich nutty flavour, sweet taste, crunchy texture and over and above a relatively longer shelf life. Soil conditions in some producing regions are ideally suited for dry, clean and spotless Groundnuts in Shell.
The awareness and concern for quality amongst the Indian groundnut shellers and processors are growing steadily. Multiple sorting and grading are fast becoming a norm. Indian manufacturer have the capability to prepare and supply edible peanuts conforming to highest standards.